nordic_walking_for_total_fitness_Nottingham & other



      • Acute responses to using walking poles in patients with coronary artery disease. (Walter P.R, Pocari J.P, Brice G., Terry L., Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 1996, July-August; 16 (4); 245-50).
      • Load carriage energy expenditure with and without hiking poles during inclined walking. (Jacobson B.H., Wright T., Dugan B. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2000 July; 21 (5); 356-9).
      • Effects of walking poles on lower extremity gait mechanics. (Wilson J., Torry M.R., Decker M.J., Kernozek T., Steadman J.R. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol, 33, 1, 2001, pp. 142-147).
      • Energy expenditure during submaximal walking with hiking poles. (Rodgers C.D. VanHeest J.L., Schachter C.L. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1995 Alpri; 27 (4): 607-11).
      • Efficiency of walking and stepping: relationship to body fatness. Chen K.Y., Acra S.A., Donaheu C.L., Sun M., Buchowski M.S., Obesity Research, 2004 Jun; 12 (6): 982-9.
      • Research on benefits of Nordic Walking. Summary compiled by Raija Laukkanen, Ph.D, Docent Director, Exercise Science, Polar Electro Oy, Finland (2001).
      • Effects of a walking program on attributional style, depression and self esteem in women. (Palmer L.K. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1995 Dec; 81 (PT 1): 891-8)
      • Effects of aerobic exercise on pain perception, affect and level of disability in individuals with fibromyalgia (Nichols D.S., Glenn T.M. Physical Therapy, 1994 Apri; 74 (4); 327-32).
      • Relation of habitual exercise to basal metabolic rate and energy expenditure during exercise in older people. (Ohta T., Higuchi M., Itoh H., Yamazaki Y., Sato Y. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2000 Dec; 108 (5): 398-404)
      • Tschentscher, M. et al. (2013). Health Benefits of Nordic Walking A Systematic Review. Am J Prev Med
        Korsten-Reck, U. (2010). Physical activity in pregnancy and in breast-feeding period in obese mothers. Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol.
      • (Sprod et al 2005) The Effects of Walking Poles on Shoulder Function in Breast Cancer Survivors. Integrated Cancer Therapy